Annotated Bib:Georgia State University Piedmont North Dining Hall

Question: Who designed the culinary built environment at Georgia State University

Richard Wittschiebe Hands Architects wrote an article in the Design Cost Data (DCD) journal to discuss the design process of Georgia State University Piedmont North Dining Hall.  Architects included production information to help us understand the deign process more. The article purpose is to inform readers on how architects transformed an empty space into a dynamic and vibrant college dining hall.  Intended audience will be architects interested in college dining halls, colleges located in cities, and substantial dining. An architects interested in designing substantial and attractive design halls, because the article details their process in building this structure and different materials constructors used.

Collective Annotated Bibliography

Authors Page, M.C, Hurley, J.H., Collins, B., Glover, J.B., Bryant, R., Clark, E., Davis, M., Gue, R., Van Horn Melton, S.,  Miller, B.,  Pierce, M.L., Slemons, M., Varner, J. and Wharton. R. argue that a successful, interdisciplinary collaboration is possible to yield advances in digital historiography. The article provides examples of technology that is used by students along with historical context to help bring about about an innovative approach of remapping Atlanta’s past. The main goal of the “Digital Atlanta” article is about Georgia State and Emory Universities combined efforts throughout digital projects to address Atlanta’s archaeological built environments and past achievements through digital databases such as; geo-databases, spatial history tools and digital map collections. The target audience of this article are those to work and inhabit the city of Atlanta. This is known from the consistent use of the pronoun, “we”. This implies that the authors are communicating as a whole/community. City planners, historiographers, archaeologists, urban geographers, people in CIS professions, and students who study government, geology/geography, history, information systems, or modeling may find this work useful because this article collaborates varied and specific skills from numerous professions on the history of Atlanta along with the process of a digital remapping of the city. This cross section of skills provides reference for students and professionals as to how their abilities continue to contribute to a greater understanding of history and science.

Evaluating Sources

1. Historical Question: Hollywood movies about the American Revolution made 2001.
Source 1: Hollywood movies about the American Revolution made 2001.
Source 2: Book written by a famous historian who expert on the American Revolution, published in 1999.
Which do you trust more? Why?
I trust the second source more, because a famous American Revolution historian wrote the book.
2. Historical Question: What was slavery like in South Carolina?
Source 1: Interview with former slave in 1930. The interviewer is a young black man.
Source 2: Interview with former slave in 1930. The interviewer is a white woman working for the government.
Which do you trust more? Why?
I trust the first source more over the second source. The interviewer determines the credibility, because I think the black interviewer can identify more with the former slave than a government worker.
3. Historical Question: What was the layout the Nazi concentration camp Auschwitz?
Source 1: Interview with 80 year-old Holocaust survivor in 1985.
Source 2: Map of concentration camp found in Nazi files.
Which do you trust more? Why?
I trust the second source over the first source. A map will show you the entire layout of Auschwitz which will help you answer your question. The survivor might not recall the exact design , because the Holocaust happened a couple of years ago.
4. Historical Question: Why were the Japanese Americans pt. in interment campus during WWII?
Source 1: Government film explaining internment from 1942.
Source 2: Government report on Japanese from 1983 based on classified government documents.
Which do you trust more? Why?
I trust the second source over the first one, because the second source is a government report. The second source will be less bias and include detailed evidence to support our claim.
5. Historical Question: Did American soldiers commit atrocities during the Vietnam War in 1969?
Source 1: Sworn testimony by American Sergeant in Congressional hearings in 1969.
Source 2: Speech by American General touring the United States in 1969.
Which do you trust more? Why?
I think the second source is more trustworthy than the first one. A sergeant giving sworn testimony means the information is truthful and not altered. His incentive for telling the truth is avoiding criminal charges for lying under oath to Congress.
6. Historical Question: What happened at the Battle of Little Bighorn?
Source 1: High school history textbook from 1985.
Source 2: Newspaper account from the day after the battle in June 1876.
Which do you trust more? Why?
I trust the newspaper article over the history textbook. A newspaper article written after the battle will give you firsthand information from witnesses and solders at Little Bighorn.

Brain Function

Parker, Reitzes, and Ruel writers of Preserving and Protecting Well-being among Homeless Men describes how homeless not only effects the health and morality but also their well-being. The researchers did studies on the homeless population for a few months to gather their primary research for their article. The article purpose is to inform the audience on homelessness effects the homeless mentality such as their self-esteem and brain function. The article purpose is to inform the audience on homelessness effects the homeless mentality such as their self-esteem and brain function. This article might be useful for someone wanted to study the further mental effects on the homeless.

Social Movements

Holland author of Who is my neighbor? framing Atlanta’s movement to end homelessness, 1990-2005 describes the different Atlanta social homeless movements. The author draws into account archive records, media accounts and interviews with religious, business and government leader into his book to gather their perspectives on Atlanta homeless issue. Holland describes in detail the different social movements happening in Atlanta and their impact throughout the years on the Atlanta homeless population. Someone interested in the different social movement facing on the issues of homelessness in modern cities might found this article useful.

Homeless Social Issues

Baumann, Gray, Gregorich, and Grigsby wrote the article Disaffiliation to Entrenchment: A Model for Understanding Homelessness explaining the diversity and the complex problems the homeless population faces plus the solution to fix the issues. The researchers conducted a survey of 166 homeless people in Austin to identify the four clusters in the population.  The four clusters were recently dislocated, the vulnerable, the outsiders, and the prolonged. The article informs the reader on the four different types of homeless clusters and each of their unique characteristics. Each of the four clusters have their own problems and different solutions needed to correct these problems. The target audience tends to be more of an academic one, because of the language used in the article. The article being published in a social issue journal focuses on researchers and scholars in the sociology field. A scholar who wanted to focus on the diversity in the homeless population and how each group functions differently in society might found this article interesting.


Central Atlanta Progress(CAP)

Steffen writer of The Corporate Campaign against Homelessness: Class Power and Urban Governance in Neoliberal Atlanta, 1973-1988 explains how the Central Atlanta Progress (CAP) tried to relocate the local homeless population from the downtown business district. The author references other authors researches and discoveries to help strengthen his claims in the article.  Also, he provides detailed endnotes to show the research he included in his article to support the authenticity of his article.The purpose of the article is to inform the readers of the extreme measures the CAP went through to help drive the local homeless population out of the business district. The CAP tried to criminalize the local homeless population and tried to categorize them as mentally unstable human beings who needed professional help. The intended audience might be a reader interested in the social history between businesses and the homeless population. Scholars interested in the corporate campaign the Central Atlanta Progress(CAP) enforced to drive the homeless population out of their district to increase their profits might found this article interesting.

The Homeless Population in Woodruff Park

Crimmins, Parker, Reitzes, and Yarbrough in their article, Social support and social network ties among the homeless in a downtown Atlanta park, describes how the local homeless population relies on support with each other along with formal social service such as CAP to function in society. For two years, Johanna Yarbrough, a researcher, gathered primary research on the Woodruff Park homeless population. She disguised herself as a local Georgia State student to help her blend in with the Woodruff Park environment. Johanna sat in the park for two hours each week and interviewed the people in the park. In return for their interviews, Johann went to Starbucks and purchased drinks and baked goods for them. She created a bond with each person making the participants more open and relaxed to her. The interviews were more genuine and less artificial in this way. The authors wanted to inform the audience on the social needs of the homeless population and their interactions with the formal social services in their city. The Journal of Community Psychology published the article in their monthly circulation. The Journal of Community Psychology publishes academic articles in their publications. Their audience tends to be more of an academic one because of the academic language and structure use in their publications. A professor or researcher in the field of psychology will be the intended audience of this article. Scholars interested in the relationship the local homeless population form with each other and their interaction with the growing urban environment around them.

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My Personal Experience at Peachtree Center Mall

I have been to Peachtree Center Mall multiple times before, because of Atlanta parades, visiting the Georgia Aquarium or the World of Coca-Cola, and watching the Peach Drop at Underground Atlanta. The mall became a popular stop for me when visiting Atlanta, because most of Atlanta major attractions were near it. Often when I visited the mall, customers were jammed inside making the area crowded. For example, the Chick-Fil-A parade, hundreds of people were watching the parade near Peachtree Center Mall. Each year, thousands of tourists and football fans flock to Atlanta for the Chick-fil-A bowl, a college playoff game. Before the game’s kickoff, the Chick-Fil-A parade happens downtown. Often the parade happens on New Year Eve when the weather tends to be colder. In the morning, the parade begins around ten and ends around noon. A lot of people attend the parade, because this parade finishes the year off. After the parade concludes, hundreds of people descend to Peachtree Center Mall to escape from Atlanta’s harsh winter and for a warm lunch or cup of coffee. Restaurant lines become packed with customers eager for something to warm them. Other customers crowded the mall just to use the restrooms and to have a chance to warm up.

On February 22, I went to Peachtree Center Mall via M.A.R.T.A., because Atlanta parking combined with Atlanta traffic can be a nightmare. Also, I found traveling on the train to be an easier and cheaper option. After Civic Center station, the train conductor announced the next station will be Peachtree Center Station. Once the announcement finishes, I started to gather my belongings and noticed a few other commuters gathering their belongings too. The passengers were a mixture of tourists with luggage, college students, and a couple of white collar workers. My morning commute often looks like this experience. I exited the train to my right to avoid collision with incoming passengers. I preceded up a short escalator ride and tapped my card to exit the station. To enter the mall, passengers must ride a steep escalator for a minute. Slowly, I approach the escalator shaking with a little bit of anxiety. This escalator felt terrifying to me because of the steepness and the constant shake of the escalator. Finally, the escalator drops me off at the top and I speed away from this death trap as fast as I could.

Immediately when I entered the mall, I noticed the crowds of people lined up at Willy’s Mexicana Grill and Checker’s.  The line stretched outside of the restaurant and people were waiting on the stairs. I slowly pushed through the crowds of people trying to enter further into the mall. Finally, I escaped the crowed staircase and found myself in even more crowded area. I started to scan the room for an available table. A customer will leave a table and another one will replace that customer. To find a seat, customers must be quick and on the lookout. I walked to another part of the mall where more of the retail stores were located. I decided to do my research in the area near Caribou Coffee and the Hyatt Regency walkway. I thought this spot will have the most foot traffic and a wide variety of customers. I noticed the sitting area did not have a lot of tables or benches. Tired of walking around the mall, I decided to wait patiently along the side for a seat. I started to scan the area waiting for a person to clear their table. I spotted one table near the Great American Cookie on the other side of the room. I started to “run” towards the table to secure a table.  I have been waiting for a table for ten minutes and grew tired. I did not get to the table in time and had to wait again along with another customer. Towards one of the pillars, I noticed a woman finishing her lunch and gathering her things.  I approached the lady and asked her nicely if she still needed the table. The lady said she did not need the table anymore and allowed me the table. Finally, I had secured a table and began to start my observations.